Precursors of gas-solid chromatography

Collins, Carol H.

Palavras-chave: History of chromatography, gas chromatography, gás-solid chromatography, adsorption mechanism.

Resumo Adsorption of gases onto powdered charcoal was described in the 19th century, without being applied for identification or quantification. However, studies at the start of the 20th century began to make qualitative and, eventually, quantitative determinations of the contents of mixtures of gases in chromatographic systems, applying development by displacement or by frontal analysis. Some of these contributions are described here, to illustrate the antecedents of gas chromatography.

Referências Bibliográficas

1. Wintermeyer U. Historical Review. In: Unger KK, editor. Packings and Stationary Phases in Chromatographic Techniques. New York: Marcel Dekker, 1990.
2. Ramsey W. A determination of the amounts of neon and helium in atmospheric air. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Containing Papers of a Mathematical and Physical Character. 1905; 76:111.
3. Berl E, Schmidt O. Über die Anreicherung und Reindarstellung von Gasgemischen. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Chemie 1923; 36:247. http://dx.doi. org/10.1002/ange.19230363703
4. Schuftan P. Gasanalyse in der Technik. Leipzig: Hirzel Verlag; 1931.
5. Arnold G, Berezkin VG, Ettre LS. Paul Schuftan and the early development of gas-adsorption chromatography. Journal of High Resolution Chromatography & Chromatography Communications 1985; 8:651. http://
6. Claessen, S. Studies on adsorption and adsorption analysis with special reference to homologous series. Arkiv för Kemi, Mineralogi och Geologi 1946: 23:1.
7. Griffiths J, James D, Phillips C. Gas chromatography. Analyst 1952; 77:879.
8. James DH, Phillips CSG. The chromatography of gases and vapours. Journal of the Chemical Society 1953; 1600. jr9530001600.